The psychiatrist is qualified to diagnose mental illnesses and treat them.
During his training, he acquires knowledge in the fields of human physiology , biochemistry and pharmacology that allow him to prescribe drug therapy. He is also trained to treat mental illnesses with psychotherapy .
There are several psychotherapeutic approaches. The most famous are the psychodynamic approach , the systemic approach and the cognitive-behavioural approach .
It can support patients through a difficult period, teach them how to recognise the warning signs of a relapse (in the event of a psychotic episode for example), give a different interpretation of an episode of painful life, and help guide the patient when he must make a choice, to name but a few.